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Level 1: Lesson 8


Level 1 is the first workbook in the elementary series. Lesson 8 teaches about determiners, specifically numerals and quantifiers. Numerals are determiners that tell exactly how many of a noun there is. Quantifiers are determiners that tell roughly how many of a noun there is.

Transcript

A Form-Function English Grammar

Level 1

Lesson 8

Determiners: Numerals and Quantifiers

What is a numeral? What is a quantifier?

Remember that determiners are words that go with nouns. But determiners do not describe nouns. Instead, determiners provide other information about nouns such as which one, whose, where, and how many.

Numerals are one kind of determiner. Numerals tell exactly how many of a noun there is. Counting numbers like zero, one, two, and three are numerals. The numeral one goes with singular nouns. Other numerals including zero and negative numbers go with plural nouns.

Look at the sentences One student wrote ten pages and Three thermometers says zero degrees. Both sentences contain two numerals. The first sentence has one and ten. The second has three and zero. One goes with the noun student. Ten goes with the noun pages. Three goes with the noun thermometers. Zero goes with the noun degrees.

Quantifiers are another kind of determiner. Quantifiers tell roughly how many of a noun there is. Quantifiers are not exact numbers.

Some examples of quantifiers include a lot, all, any, both, each, few, fewer, less, many, more, none, and some.

The word of can go after a quantifier. For example, a lot of, all of, and none of.

Some quantifiers take singular nouns. Other quantifiers take plural nouns. For example, each takes a singular noun as in each child. Both takes a plural noun as in both children.

Look at the sentences Many packages have arrived and The students finished none of their work. Both sentences each contain a quantifier. The first sentence has many. The second has none of. Many goes with the noun packages. None of goes with the noun work.

So, what are numerals? What are quantifiers?

Determiners are words that go with nouns. But determiners do not describe nouns. Instead, determiners give information about nouns such as which one, whose, where, and how many.

Numerals are one type of determiner. Numerals tell exactly how many of a noun there is. Counting numbers are numerals. Singular nouns follow the numeral one. Plural nouns follow other numerals.

Quantifiers are another type of determiner. Quantifiers tell how many of a noun there is. Quantifiers are not exact numbers. Examples of quantifiers include all, many, and some. The word of can go after some quantifiers.

Now practice your knowledge of numerals and quantifiers by completing the exercises in Lesson 8 of A Form-Function English Grammar: Level 1, pages 32 through 35.

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